At 820 meters above sea level, the Mount Olives and Mount Scopus range together are the watershed of Jerusalem. To the east – the Judean Desert and Dead Sea. To the west – the city and ultimately, the Mediterranean. Although there is a well preserved┬áSecond Temple┬áburial tomb on Mount Scopus, most of the sites are modern.

The cornerstone for the Hebrew University campus on Mount Olives was laid in 1918 and inaugurated in 1925. The Hadassah Medical Center opened in 1938. While under Jordanian control, between 1948 and 1967, both these sites were inaccessible to Jews but were restored after 1967.

Also on Mount Scopus are the British Military Cemetery, first used during the First World War, and the Brigham Young Mormon University.

Text content copyrights: Bein Harim Ltd., Beryl Ratzer (

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