Referred to by Nehemiah (3:8), the Broad Wall was built by King Hezekiah (II Chron.32:5) to protect Jerusalem from the invading Assyrian army led by Sennacherib in 701 BCE. The seven meter wide foundation was discovered in the course of excavations in the ruins and debris of the Jewish Quarter prior to its rebuilding after 1967.

It was decided to leave the wall exposed as it conclusively showed the extent to which Jerusalem of the biblical First Temple had grown. Gazing down at the massive stones the words of Isaiah “and the houses have ye broken down to fortify the wall” (Is 22:10) come to life. The walls of a house, destroyed to make way for the Broad Wall, can be clearly seen.

Text content copyrights: Bein Harim Ltd., Beryl Ratzer (

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