The national reserve of Beit Guvrin chalk stone caves expands over an area of 1250 acres in the heart of the Judean plateau. An area of hills at the height of 400m where for generations the chalk stone caves, storerooms, hideouts and dovecotes were dug. Beit Guvrin was an important location during Hellenistic period as well as in the Crusader era. We will visit the Bell Cave, which is hard surfaced rock quarried downward in the shape of the bell. We also see here rock inscriptions from the early Arab era from the seventh to the tenth era. We continue to the Sidon Cave (a series of impressive burial caves with rock paintings, that throw light on the lifestyle and artistic craft styles of the Hellenistic period. Continue to the Roman Theater where gladiator fights took place in the sand arena.