The Jordan valley straddles the Jordan river on both its banks, from the Kinneret, the Sea of Galilee, in the north to the Dead Sea in the south. As the result of a secret agreement in 1970 between Israel and the Jordanian King Hussein Israeli agricultural experts helped turn the barren plains of the eastern side of the Jordan valley into the vast fertile area one sees today.

The western shore of the Jordan valley, from the Kinneret to Tirat Zvi, is Israel. The remainder is part of the West Bank, taken by Israel after being attacked by the Jordanian army in the 1967 Six Day War. Here too, since the establishment of West Bank settlements in the 1970’s, the once barren area has become fertile and is dotted with green fields, hot-houses and date groves belonging both to the settlers and to the nomadic Bedouins who have settled with their tents and flocks and become farmers.

Text content copyrights: Bein Harim Ltd., Beryl Ratzer (

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