Petra is a magnificent UNESCO World Heritage Site in Jordan, not far from the Israeli border so that it is possible to tour Petra if you are on vacation in Israel. Tours take visitors across the border in Eilat and through the rugged dessert landscape of Jordan to Petra, an ancient city carved out of stone. Petra was the capital of the Nabataean civilization from about 300BC; the Nabataeans created an incredible city carved out of rose-colored cliffs. The Lost City remained forgotten from all but local Bedouin shepherds for hundreds of years thanks to the “siq” a narrow canyon entrance way which leads into Petra. In the 1800s the city was rediscovered. Once beyond the entrance you can discover monolithic structures, homes, tombs and the Treasury. The breathtaking rock-cut architecture and complex water system is an indication of the sophisticated Nabataean culture.